You can only get a Social Security Number (SSN) if you are employed.
F-1/J-1 students are eligible if they have one of the following:
How soon an F-1 or J-1 student can apply for a Social Security Number is dependent on the type of employment. Remember, you must have a job in order to apply for a SSN.
If you are a new international student this semester, you cannot apply for a SSN until your SEVIS record has been "registered" or activated to verify that you have arrived on campus and are enrolled full-time at ISU. New Students must also submit the New International Student Document Collection form before applying for their SSN Letter from ISSS.
SSN letters will not be processed by ISSS for new students until after the 10th day of classes.
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Remember to request a receipt for your SSN application. Your receipt will indicate the estimated processing time for your SSN card (usually 2-4 weeks).
All international students, scholars, and employees in non-immigrant visa categories (e.g. F-1, J-1, or H-1B) are required by U.S. law to file tax forms in the spring regardless of whether they have had a job or not. This can include filing a federal tax return and a state tax return, depending on the individual’s situation. International Student and Scholar Services (ISSS) purchases Glacier Tax Prep software to assist international students and scholars in preparing their federal tax return.
You may access the Glacier Tax Prep program—this information will be sent to you by early February to your ISU email account. If you have graduated or no longer have access to your ISU email account, please contact ISSS by emailing InternationalStudents@IllinoisState.edu and include your name and UID. If you are required to file both a federal and state tax return, you must complete your federal form before you complete your state form.
Taxes can be very complicated. The ISU tax specialist and ISSS cannot prepare your forms for you or answer tax-related questions regarding your specific case. The tax specialist can provide you with your residency status for tax and can answer general questions about taxes. ISSS acts as the facilitator for purchasing the tax program and providing access for students; we are not able to answer any tax questions for you.
The Glacier Tax Prep program has an FAQ section and a "Help" option to assist with most questions. In addition, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) website has a great deal of information including a Foreign Students and Scholars section and there is information on the Illinois Department of Revenue website regarding the Illinois state tax return.
Glacier Tax prep will help you with the following:
You will need to have the following with you:
All international students, even if they have no income, must report to the IRS. You will be filing a Form 8843 with the IRS that is due by June 15.
You will be required to file federal and state tax returns. You will need to use the Glacier Tax Prep program to complete the Substantial Presence Test (SPT) to determine if you have been in the U.S. long enough to be considered a resident for tax purposes. If it is determined that you are a resident alien for tax purposes, you will visit IRS.gov to file the federal 1040 or 1040EZ form. If you are a nonresident alien for tax purposes, you will file a Form 1040NR or (if eligible) a Form 1040NR-EZ as well as a Form 8843 to complete your Federal Tax Return. Glacier will be able to help you complete all of these federal tax forms.
You will also need to file an Illinois tax return. Be sure to visit the Illinois Department of Revenue website for further details. You are required to submit both your federal and state tax return by April 15.
You will be required to file a federal tax return. You only need to file a state return if you have earned income. You will receive a 1042-S if you have a scholarship or fellowship that is covered by a treaty benefit or if you had taxes withheld. Qualified scholarship payments (tuition & fees) are not taxable unless you are employed as an administrative GA. If you do not receive your 1042-S and/or W-2 form, contact the tax specialist Brenda Banwart at email@example.com for guidance.
Anyone who needs to file a US tax return must have either an SSN or ITIN. If you are not employed but are receiving taxable US source income in the form of a scholarship, fellowship or grant, you must apply for an ITIN. Students who are eligible for an ITIN (based upon taxable income from the University) will have received notification from the ISU Tax Specialist about their federal tax withholding.
ITIN applications can be submitted in one of the two ways listed below:
For students who are eligible for a tax treaty benefit, you must have an ITIN in order to claim that benefit. After you arrive on campus, you can request an ITIN by completing Form W-7 along with submitting additional documentation which includes:
For a complete list of additional documentation you must submit with your ITIN application, please review page 10 of the Instructions for Form W-7 (exception 2b). Your ITIN application should be mailed to the IRS address listed in the instructions.
You can request an ITIN at the same time that you file your taxes. First complete all of the paperwork for your US federal tax return. Information about filing taxes will be emailed to all international students and scholars in early February each year. Then make an appointment with the IRS office in Bloomington at 301 S. Prospect Rd, Bloomington, IL 61704. You must make an appointment by calling the Taxpayer Assistance Center. Please see the IRS website for contact information. It can take 2-3 months for processing, so please apply early! You will need to bring your federal tax return, passport, visa, and Form W-7 requesting the ITIN with you to your appointment.